2011-03-10 Sudan: The protests and other violence #Sudan #Jan30

ImageDemonstrators in downtown Khartoum’s Abu Janzeer square were beaten with sticks and truncheons as they protested today for the end of President Omar al-Bashir’s 21-year rule. Reportedly five hundred riot police arrested over 50 protesters today, and beat up others. As WL Central reported, Sudan began protesting for regime change on January 30 and were met with a violent crackdown which resulted in one student dead on the first day. According to Human Rights Watch the students and youth, some as young as 18, were subjected to harsh beatings, electric shocks, and other abuses that amount to torture. Security officials are also implicated in the rape of a female youth activist in February.

Yesterday, police arrested and beat over 40 women after they attempted to stage a protest in Khartoum’s twin city of Omdurman demanding the authorities cease “violence against women,” and protesting the rape and beating of Saffiya Ishaq, who was attacked after the January 30 protests. Ishaq told her story in a video posted to Youtube on February 23, please watch.

Last September, over forty women were arrested when they held a peaceful demonstration in Khartoum against flogging of women, after a Youtube video appeared showing Sudanese police lashing a women as she screamed for mercy (below, graphic). Despite the outrage at the video, SkyNews reports thousands of these floggings are ordered every year in Sudan.

Today, alliance spokesman Faruq Abu Issa told AFP “An intifada will not come overnight. It needs build-up and mobilisation. The democratic instruments, the trade unions, the parties, all these things, they were wrecked by the government. So now we are building democratic instruments for a democratic transformation. It may take time. Our people have had similar experiences. They were harshly repressed by two military regimes and in spite of that, they brought them down through intifada. Now we are preparing for the intifada.” Abu Issa had told a political rally on Monday that the coalition of opposition parties had rejected an offer of talks with the government, saying regime change was “the only way forward.”

Human Rights Watch reported that authorities arrested more than 100 people on January 29, 30, and 31 in Khartoum and Omdurman alone. Today, political opposition sources told the AFP that the secretary general of Sudan’s Communist Party, Mohammed Ibrahim Nugud, had been arrested at the site, and that three prominent figures in the communist and Baath parties were also arrested in their homes.

Al-Bashir’s party has said he will not call another election until 2015. The International Criminal Court has issued two arrest warrants for president al-Bashir, one in 2008 for crimes against humanity, and another on July 12, 2010 for genocide.

Today al-Bashir was in Egypt, where both Mohamed al Baradei, head of the National Association for Change, and Tagammu Party President Refaat al Saeed refused to meet with him. He requested to meet with the Egyptian political leaders to discuss the latest developments in the wake of former President Hosni Mubarak’s ouster. He congratulated the Egyptian people on the success of their revolution, and stressed his ambitions for stronger bilateral relations. Muslim Brotherhood General Guide Mohamed Badie, Guidance Bureau members Mohamed Morsi and Essam al-Erian, and Democratic Front Party President Osama al-Ghazali Harb all met with him.

Meanwhile, violence leading up to the July secession of the south is escalating. The Southern Sudanese Army reported at least 56 dead in clashes with militias in the Upper Nile State so far this month. In a briefing on March 7, Sudanese People’s Liberation Army spokesman Philip Aguer reported battles between the Army and militia on March 6. He said 47 militia fighters from the Shiluk tribe and nine soldiers were killed. President Omar Bashir has pledged not to block the secession, but officials in the south asserted that his regime was directing an escalation, particularly in the oil-rich Abyei region. “I think things are going to continue escalating,” Aguer said.

Three villages in the Abyei region were burned out last week as shown on the Satellite Sentinel Project and now confirmed on video.

2011-02-02 A Revolution Calendar





Map via @Houeida Anouar




WL Central Coverage


Tunisia December 15:


2011-02-01 Tunisian Islamic Leader Returns as EU Freezes Ousted President’s Assets
2011-01-27 Tunisia protests continue as a warrant is issued for Ben Ali
2011-01-24 Tunisia today: “It’s not a unity government, it’s a fake unity government”
2011-01-21 Ben Ali has used Europe’s prejudices
2011-01-19 Unrest in Arab States [Update 1]
2011-01-18 Reaction to Tunisia’s new government
2011-01-18 Ahmed Hashem El-Sayed dies in Alexandria hospital from self-immolation wounds
2011-01-17: Comments on the new national government formed in Tunisia
2011-01-17 Tunisia’s new government
2011-01-17 Slim Amamou named Tunisia’s Secretary of Youth and Sports
2011-01-15 What the US state cables on Tunisia said
2011-01-14 Tunisia: Ben Ali Out, Mohamed Ghannouchi Out
2011-01-04: Nonoperational Site Update: Wrath of Anon in Tunisia


Egypt January 25:


2011-02-03 Marietje Schaake on the situation in Tunisia and Egypt
2011-02-03 Act Now to Stop Mubarak’s Thugs From Killing More!
2011-02-02 Pro-Mubarak Forces and Police Thugs Attack Journalists 
2011-02-02 Food Crisis in Egypt
2011-02-01 WikiLeaks Cables Show Mubarak Not Very Open to Reforms or Freedoms for Egyptians [UPDATE: 4]
2011-02-01 Army Vows Not to Shoot as Protesters make Million Man Marches in Cairo, Alexandria Today [UPDATE: 2]
2011-01-31 Egypt’s Military jockeys to maintain Longstanding Grip on Power
2011-01-31 Cable: Egyptian April 6 activist’s democracy goals “highly unrealistic”
2011-01-30 Million Egyptian Protest Planned as Resistance Continues
2011-01-30 Egyptian government orders Al Jazeera shutdown
2011-01-30 Al Jazeera no longer welcome in Egypt
2011-01-30 Arab Totalitarians want Tech for National Security Emergencies
2011-01-29 Who is Egypt’s new Vice President?
2011-01-29 Mubarak swears in new PM and VP as unrest persists
2011-01-29 No Internet? No Problem! Anonymous Faxes Egypt
2011-01-28 Cable: Egypt displeased with number and tone of U.S. human rights recommendations
2011-01-28 Cable: The Amir of Qatar discusses Syria, Egypt, and Iran
2011-01-28 Cable: Political arrests of Muslim Brotherhood
2011-01-28 Cable: Egypt’s Emergency Law
2011-01-28 Mubarak refuses to step down
2011-01-28 Cable: Police torture in Egypt
2011-01-28 Cable: Police brutality and poor prison conditions in Egypt
2011-01-28 Cable: Assessing support for Mohammed El Baradei
2011-01-28 Cable: Mubarak discusses Iran and a “split” within Arab ranks
2011-02-28 Cable: Torture and police brutality in Egypt are endemic and widespread
2011-01-28 Cable: President Mubarak in Washington
2011-01-28 Egypt is on fire
2011-01-28 Cable: Qatar on the Israeli-Palestine talks, Egypt and Iran
2011-01-28 Egypt Cables – New Releases [UPDATE 12]
2011-01-27 Mubarak blinks as Egyptian protests continue for third day
2011-01-26 Week of “rage” in Egypt sees casualties, global support [UPDATE 1]
2011-01-25 Revolution Day in Egypt
2011-01-19 Unrest in Arab States [Update 1]
2011-01-18 Ahmed Hashem El-Sayed dies in Alexandria hospital from self-immolation wounds
2011-01-17 Egyptian man sets himself on fire [UPDATE: 1]
2011-01-16 Protests in Egypt


Sudan January 30:


2011-02-01 Sudan Struggles to Protest
2011-01-31 Protests in Sudan
2011-01-31 Student in Sudan protests killed by police


Yemen February 3:


2011-02-01 Yemen’s Day of Rage and Abdul Ilah Shayi
2011-01-29 Yemen: Day of Rage on February 3
2011-01-27 Tens of thousands rally in Yemen, demand change
2011-01-23 Middle East protest round-up: Yemen, Jordan, Algeria
2011-01-19 Self-immolation protest spreads to Yemen


Syria February 5:


2011-01-31 US state cables on Syria
2011-01-31 Syria: Day of Rage on February 5
2011-01-28 Cable: The Amir of Qatar discusses Syria, Egypt, and Iran
2011-01-28 Cable: Mubarak discusses Iran and a “split” within Arab ranks
2011-01-28 Cable: Qatar on the Israeli-Palestine talks, Egypt and Iran
2011-01-24 Self-immolation “infection” spreads to Syria 
2011-01-16 Syria, Jordan and Algeria Respond to Protest Threat


Algeria February 12:


2011-01-27 Algerians plan big protest rally for February 9
2011-01-23 Middle East protest round-up: Yemen, Jordan, Algeria
2011-01-19 Unrest in Arab States [Update 1]
2011-01-16 Syria, Jordan and Algeria Respond to Protest Threat
2011-01-16 Protests in Algeria


Bahrain February 14:


Libya February 17:


2011-01-31 Cables: Libya threatened to seize assets of Petro-Canada
2011-01-27 Libya is in revolt as Gaddafi worries 
2011-01-19 Unrest in Arab States [Update 1]
2011-01-16 Early reports of unrest in Libya [UPDATE 1]


2011-02-01 Jordan’s King Sacks Government as Protests Grow
2011-01-28 In Jordan Thousands Demand New Government
2011-01-23 Middle East protest round-up: Yemen, Jordan, Algeria
2011-01-16 Syria, Jordan and Algeria Respond to Protest Threat
2011-01-01 Wikileaks in the Jordan Media – Arabic Cable Translations


Saudi Arabia
2011-02-02 Will Saudi Arabia protest?
2011-01-28 Cable: Mubarak discusses Iran and a “split” within Arab ranks
2011-01-19 Unrest in Arab States [Update 1]
2011-01-02 Saudi Arabia Regulates internet publishing



2011-02-01 Sudan Struggles to Protest

Protests continue in Khartoum despite violent police suppression which has resulted in onereported death of a protester. Tweets from activists in Khartoum say the government has started blocking some protesters’ individual cell phones. On Tuesday, around 200 students were beat back from protesting outside outside al-Nilein university by police who have already arrested and injured many protesters and killed one.

Opposition Islamist Hassan al-Turabi and a dozen members of his party were arrested earlier this month and are being held without charges. The African Center for Justice and Peace Studies released a statement saying “These ongoing rights violations are a pattern to silence dissident voices and limit access to information. The responses undertaken by police forces … exemplify the extent to which the (ruling party) are unwilling to tolerate any other voices on the road to democratic transformation.” They also said that police had detained more than 100 people on Monday and were continuing arrests, with people being taken from their homes and offices. Numbers that have been detained are impossible to keep track of. Rallies are illegal in Sudan without permission, which is rarely given.


Demonstration at Medical Complex on January 30 via @SudanProtests


2011-01-31 Protests in Sudan

Sudanese protesting in Khartoum yesterday were attacked and arrested by hundreds of riot police as they chanted “We are ready to die for Sudan,” and “Revolution, revolution until victory”. The police surrounded the entrances of four universities in the capital, firing teargas and beating students at three of them.

Youth For Change had called for a demonstration on Sunday, January 30 from 11:00am – 2:00pm. Their facebook page attracted 16,864 followers to “Attending the Peace Process in Khartoum, Sudan” and said, “The people of Sudan will not remain silent any more. It is about time we demand our rights and take what’s ours in a peaceful demonstration that will not involve any acts of sabotage. We will come out to protest the high cost of living, corruption, nepotism, unemployment and all the practices of the regime, including striking women… that are contrary to the most basic laws of Islam and humanity, and violate the rights of minorities. We will go out to prove to the whole world that the people… will not remain silent in the face of persistent injustice and humiliation.

But Al Jazeera reports

Pro-government newspapers carried front page warnings against protests which they said would cause chaos and turmoil.

The Sudan Vision daily’s editorial blamed the opposition.

“Our message to those opposition dinosaurs is to unite their ideas and objectives for the benefit of the citizens if they are really looking for the welfare of the Sudanese people,” it read.

The pro-democracy group Girifna (“We’re fed up”) said nine members were detained the night before the protest and opposition party officials listed almost 40 names of protesters arrested on Sunday. Five were injured, they added.


The International Criminal Court has issued two arrest warrants for president Omar al-Bashir of the (NCP), one in 2008 for crimes against humanity, and another on July 12, 2010 for genocide.

Sudan, which was united with Egypt under British colonial rule, was the last Arab country to change a government with protests before Tunisia, when Jaafar Nimeiri was removed from the presidency in 1985. While Khartoum was protesting, the south was celebrating the first official results of a referendum on dividing the country. The south, which holds the country’s oil reserves, voted 99.57% for secession to end the five decades of conflictbetween the north and south.

2011-01-31 Student in Sudan protests killed by police

As WL Central reported yesterday, protesters in Sudan were beaten by riot police as they tried to leave their universities to demonstrate. Today the facebook page for the January 30 demonstration contains a red script proclaiming a martyr. “Al-Gorashy was a martyr for us. And you are our martyr now, Mohammed Abdulrahman”, it says, in reference to a student who died this morning in Omdurman hospital after being beaten by the police yesterday.

Al Jazeera reports“Medical sources confirmed to us that the student died yesterday from his injuries inflicted by security forces,” said Yasir Arman, the top official in the north of south Sudan’s main party, the Sudan People’s Liberation Movement (SPLM). Arman condemned the use of force and said the students were trying to hold peaceful demonstrations.

Today’s report from Al Jazeera says that at least six universities in different parts of Khartoum and Omdurman, and in El-Obeid, about 600km west of the capital were surrounded by hundreds of heavily armed police, preventing students from leaving the grounds. At the medical faculty of Khartoum University police attacked with batons, arresting 64 people and wounding many and later surrounded the compound with more than 20 police trucks.

On Monday, journalists said security forces prevented the opposition Ajras al-Huriya and the independent al-Sahafa newspapers from being distributed after they wrote about the protests.

“Security came to the printing press and stopped the paper going out,” said Fayez al-Silaik, deputy editor of Ajras al- Huriya, adding his paper was targeted because it had a front page article on the protests.

Dozens of students including two sons of opposition politician Mubarak al-Fadil were arrested and many remain detained, activists and opposition officials said on Monday.

2010-12-14 Foreign Policy: WikiFailed States

Foreign Policy provides a summary by country of US state policy for Somalia, Sudan, Zimbabwe, Pakistan, Kenya, Nigeria, Burma, North Korea, Eritrea, including what the state cables have so far revealed.

By now, you’ve read the WikiLeaked headlines, illuminating the inner workings of U.S. policy in Iraq and Afghanistan, or detailing the intractable regimes in Iran and North Korea. But what does Cablegate have to say about the world’s forgotten conflicts — the dimmer outposts of U.S. influence where Washington arguably has even bigger messes to confront? FP went through the archives with an eye to our 2010 Failed States issue to see what light the cables shed on these benighted places — and whether the cables themselves may disrupt the often delicate balancing act of diplomacy.